VPS的空间太小怎么办,不如用rclone挂载od盘到本地,岂不妙哉?


一、获取token(本地进行)

1)win10方法

1.点击此处下载获取token工具
2.解压,并进入rclone.exe所在的目录
3.Shift+右键点击在此处打开powershell
Snipaste_2021-08-20_21-04-44.png

4.输入

./rclone.exe authorize "onedrive"

然后按提示操作
5.复制返回的
从{"access_token":
复制到
"expiry":"your time"}
并保存到记事本备用
2)win7方法
1.点击此处下载获取token工具
2.解压,并进入rclone.exe所在的目录
3.将rclone.exe复制到 C:\Windows\System32
4.输入

rclone authorize "onedrive"

然后按提示操作
5.复制返回的
从{"access_token":
复制到
"expiry":"your time"}
并保存到记事本备用


二、安装(VPS上进行)

1.安装rclone

wget https://z-r.cc/rclone_ubuntu.sh && bash rclone_ubuntu.sh

2.配置初始化

rclone config

然后会出现一下信息

n) New remote
s) Set configuration password
q) Quit config
n/s/q> 

输入:n
然后会出现

name>

此处随便输,这里以 yourname来代称
然后

Type of storage to configure.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
Choose a number from below, or type in your own value
1 / 1Fichier
\ "fichier"
2 / Alias for an existing remote
\ "alias"
3 / Amazon Drive
\ "amazon cloud drive"
4 / Amazon S3 Compliant Storage Providers including AWS, Alibaba, Ceph, Digital Ocean, Dreamhost, IBM COS, Minio, and Tencent COS
\ "s3"
5 / Backblaze B2
\ "b2"
6 / Box
\ "box"
7 / Cache a remote
\ "cache"
8 / Citrix Sharefile
\ "sharefile"
9 / Compress a remote
\ "compress"
10 / Dropbox
\ "dropbox"
11 / Encrypt/Decrypt a remote
\ "crypt"
12 / Enterprise File Fabric
\ "filefabric"
13 / FTP Connection
\ "ftp"
14 / Google Cloud Storage (this is not Google Drive)
\ "google cloud storage"
15 / Google Drive
\ "drive"
16 / Google Photos
\ "google photos"
17 / Hadoop distributed file system
\ "hdfs"
18 / Hubic
\ "hubic"
19 / In memory object storage system.
\ "memory"
20 / Jottacloud
\ "jottacloud"
21 / Koofr
\ "koofr"
22 / Local Disk
\ "local"
23 / Mail.ru Cloud
\ "mailru"
24 / Mega
\ "mega"
25 / Microsoft Azure Blob Storage
\ "azureblob"
26 / Microsoft OneDrive
\ "onedrive"
27 / OpenDrive
\ "opendrive"
28 / OpenStack Swift (Rackspace Cloud Files, Memset Memstore, OVH)
\ "swift"
29 / Pcloud
\ "pcloud"
30 / Put.io
\ "putio"
31 / QingCloud Object Storage
\ "qingstor"
32 / SSH/SFTP Connection
\ "sftp"
33 / Sugarsync
\ "sugarsync"
34 / Tardigrade Decentralized Cloud Storage
\ "tardigrade"
35 / Transparently chunk/split large files
\ "chunker"
36 / Union merges the contents of several upstream fs
\ "union"
37 / Webdav
\ "webdav"
38 / Yandex Disk
\ "yandex"
39 / Zoho
\ "zoho"
40 / http Connection
\ "http"
41 / premiumize.me
\ "premiumizeme"
42 / seafile
\ "seafile"
Storage>

这里找到 Microsoft OneDrive
输入:26(按自己的实际为准)

** See help for onedrive backend at: https://rclone.org/onedrive/ **

OAuth Client Id
Leave blank normally.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
client_id> 

直接回车

OAuth Client Secret
Leave blank normally.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
client_secret> 

直接回车

Choose national cloud region for OneDrive.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("global").
Choose a number from below, or type in your own value
1 / Microsoft Cloud Global
\ "global"
2 / Microsoft Cloud for US Government
\ "us"
3 / Microsoft Cloud Germany
\ "de"
4 / Azure and Office 365 operated by 21Vianet in China
\ "cn"
region>

这里以自己实际为准

Edit advanced config? (y/n)
y) Yes
n) No (default)
y/n>

输入:n

Remote config
Use auto config?
* Say Y if not sure
* Say N if you are working on a remote or headless machine
y) Yes (default)
n) No
y/n>

输入:n

For this to work, you will need rclone available on a machine that has
a web browser available.

For more help and alternate methods see: https://rclone.org/remote_setup/

Execute the following on the machine with the web browser (same rclone
version recommended):

rclone authorize "onedrive"

Then paste the result below:
result>

这里把之前获取的token粘贴上去

Choose a number from below, or type in an existing value
1 / OneDrive Personal or Business
\ "onedrive"
2 / Root Sharepoint site
\ "sharepoint"
3 / Sharepoint site name or URL (e.g. mysite or https://contoso.sharepoint.com/sites/mysite)
\ "url"
4 / Search for a Sharepoint site
\ "search"
5 / Type in driveID (advanced)
\ "driveid"
6 / Type in SiteID (advanced)
\ "siteid"
7 / Sharepoint server-relative path (advanced, e.g. /teams/hr)
\ "path"
Your choice>

按自己情况选择

Found 1 drives, please select the one you want to use:
0: OneDrive (business) id=****
Chose drive to use:> 0
Found drive 'root' of type 'business', URL: ****
Is that okay?
y) Yes (default)
n) No
y/n>

输入:y

[onedrive]
type = onedrive
region = global
token = {"access_token":"***:"2021-05-12T21:26:23.034940078-04:00"}
drive_id = b!HZQ8fVjEAkirFu8ARagwdQSJ8f6tKihCnEfvBcs_KuyXtvHlOzf1SJDUs8WRpgXq
drive_type = business
--------------------
y) Yes this is OK (default)
e) Edit this remote
d) Delete this remote
y/e/d>

输入:y

e) Edit existing remote
n) New remote
d) Delete remote
r) Rename remote
c) Copy remote
s) Set configuration password
q) Quit config
e/n/d/r/c/s/q>

按q退出


三、挂载为磁盘

mkdir /root/OneDrive  #新建本地文件夹,路径自己定,即下面的LocalFolder
rclone mount yourname:/ LocalFolder --copy-links --no-gzip-encoding --no-check-certificate --allow-other --allow-non-empty --umask --vfs-cache-mode writes000 #yourname为初始化配置填的name,/为OneDrive里根目录,可以为其他值,LocalFolder为VPS上的本地文件夹。

如果出现下面报错

NOTICE: One drive root 'test': poll-interval is not supported by this remote

请忽略
挂载成功后,直接断开连接。重新连接后,输入df -h命令查看即可


四、卸载磁盘(如果需要)

fusermount -qzu LocalFolder

五、设置开机自启

1.新建rclone.service文件:

vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/rclone.service

2.写入

 [Unit]
Description = rclone

[Service]
User = root
ExecStart = /usr/bin/rclone mount onedrive:/ /root/OneDrive --copy-links --no-gzip-encoding --no-check-certificate --allow-other --allow-non-empty --umask 000 --vfs-cache-mode writes
Restart = on-abort

[Install]

注意:ExecStart为之前第三步时输入的命令
3.重载daemon,让新的服务文件生效:

 systemctl daemon-reload

4.启动:

systemctl start rclone
systemctl enable rclone

5.其他命令:

重启:systemctl restart rclone 
停止:systemctl stop rclone 
状态:systemctl status rclone

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